Relative Major Key Relative Minor Key C A minor Db Bb minor D B minor Eb C minor E C minor F D minor F D minor Gb Eb minor G E minor Ab F minor A F minor Bb G minor B G minor Last updated October 2011 All information in these pages copyright © 2000-2011 Howard Wright unless otherwise stated. When you're playing in a minor key, chords that involve the 7th note of the scale will often be different. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. Once you get used to this, it happens quite easily. As it goes down it pulls back down to the bottom C. Here are a few examples ascending. This is needed to ensure that when it comes to writing the scale notes on a musical staff eg.
Dm - A - Dm Dm - Gm - Dm Dm - Gm - A - Dm Dm - Gm - Dm - A - Dm Gm - Dm - Gm - A - Dm Minor Keys - Approach 2 At this point, especially if minor keys are somewhat new to you, I would encourage you to write simple songs, or at least several musical phrases using these three chords: i, iv, and V. It changes the tonic so all the chords etc. For example, C major has a relative minor, A minor. This is just one example of many. Major keys and their relative minor keys share the same key signature. Pieces are written in these extreme sharp or flat keys, however: for example, 's Prelude and Fugue No. Reading backwards: B attle , E nds , A nd , D own.
The difference is that one in this case, the 2nd will be a note within the first octave of the scale, and the other the 9th will be in the second octave of the scale. What differentiates the minor scales from each other is whether or not the 6th and 7th steps of the scale are sharpened or not. To find the key signature and notes of the scale for a minor key, use the to find the relative major key, then look up the key signature of the relative major key. It does this because in this scale, the 7th note is only 1 semitone away from the 8th note - the octave note. Notice that both scales have the same key signature one flat, Bb.
Now take the 5th note of the major scale whose tonic is - the - this is note the 3rd word of the phrase. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. So when we begin to explore minor keys for the first time, it makes sense to start there, with i, iv, and V. This major scale key is on the Circle of 5ths - , which means that it is a commonly used major scale key. Minor Music scales Minor scales sound different from major scales because they are based on a different pattern of intervals.
Begin on B and play those same notes, and what you hear is B natural minor. For example, the 6th degree in the G major scale is E. Relative and parallel minor refer to a tonal center; natural, harmonic, and melodic minor refer to various modes of a minor scale. Starting from or equivalently which has no sharps or flats, successively raising the key by a fifth adds a sharp, going clockwise round the circle of fifths. Music in minor keys has a different sound and emotional feel, and develops differently harmonically.
If the bass note is note 3 or 6 , the chord is quite often chord iii or vi. Other scales are written either with a standard key signature and use accidental as required, or with a nonstandard key signature. The note B is three half steps down from the note D. For example, the circle of fifths tells us that the key of A-flat major has four flats. So the Dm scale the note D is three half steps below the note F also has one flat in its key signature.
These two keys, the minor key and its relative major, share the same scale notes except for the raised 7 note in harmonic minor , which means they share some of the same chords. When , such as or Dorian, are written using key signatures, they are called transposed modes. Cb major 7 flats is related to Ab minor. Note that some degrees of the scale e. This was actually more common than complete signatures in the 15th century.
Notice that the note A is three half steps down from the note C. This raised note 7 has to be written into the music as it happens. Do I really have to memorize all of them? Simply remember that a Whole Step is equivalent to 2 semitones, and a Half Step is equivalent to 1 semitone. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at. To avoid this, composers used key signatures at the beginning of each staff to remind performers of which pitch classes should have flats or sharps. The first three notes in the mnemonic device: F ather , C harles , and G oes. The major scale with one flat is F major.